Vitiligo is a disease that causes the loss of skin color in blotches. The color loss can vary dramatically and is nearly unpredictable. The disease can affect any part of the body from inside your mouth to even your hair.
Normally, the color of hair and skin is determined by melanin when the cells that produce melanin die or stop functioning. It results in the occurence of all skin types, its appearance is most noticeable in people with a dark complexion the disease is neither contagious. i: e it doesn’t get transferred from one person to the other not is it life – threatening. It can be stressed or make you feel bad about yourself.
Vitiligo treatment is meant to restore color to the areas where it has been lost. However it does not prevent the color farm recurring.
Vitiligo signs include :
Vitiligo is a chronic skin condition that relates to loss of skin color resulting in the development of the white patches on the skin. It is considered an autoimmune disease in which the body’s immune system attacks and destroys the color producing cells(melanocytes) of our skin resulting in the formation of white patches, vitiligo can Occur on any part of the body including face truck, elbows, knees, hands and feet.
Vitiligo is considered as “more than a cosmetic problem” as the patients with Vitiligo suffer from psychological stress and social stigma. It is a health issue that needs medical attention. A number of treatments options are available for Vitiligo :
Corticosteroids ointments and creams containing steroid. Some studies have concluded that applying topical corticosteroids to the white patches can stop the spread and can restore the skin color.
Topical Immunomodulation creams like tacrolimus or pimecrolimus can help in the restoration of skin color in vitiligo patches.
3)Phototherapy with UVB light
One of the most common options used in the treatment of vitiligo is exposure to ultraviolet B light. combines with other treatments. UVB phototherapy can have a positive effect on vitiligo. The results are variable the response on trunk and Face is faster and better than the actual area like hands and feets.
4) Phototherapy with UVA light
UVA treatment usually conducted in healthcare softing. In order to increase the skin’s sensitivity to UV lights, the patient is given a drug then in a series of treatments, the affected skin is exposed to high doses of UVA light. Program will be evident after 6 to 12 months of twice weekly sessions.
5) Skin Camouflage
In case the vitiligo is pretty mild the patient can cover it up or Camouflage it using makeup products and creams.
30s nm excimer laser works well in restarting the pigmentation of vitiligo one session, multiple session are required for good results
7) Surgical Treatment
Surgery is performed in patients with a stable disease when the disease does not any improvement with medical treatment and is stable for arround 6 -12 months
Depending upon the type of your skin, get a suitable sunscreen from the dermatologist . The use of sunscreen is essential to avoid burning of tha patches from sun rays. since the skin under the patches is pretty sensitive.