Psoriasis is a chronic skin condition which is a cause of an overactive immune system. This results in the rapid build-up of skin cells. Once the cells start building, they cause scaling on the skin’s surface.
Usually, skin cells grow in the deeper layers of the skin and eventually rise to the surface. Later on, they fall off and the process continues. Typically, the life cycle of a skin cell is one month. However, in people suffering from psoriasis since the production of cells is extreme, they do not have the time to fall off. As a result of which the cells start building up.
Psoriatic scales develop as thick, red patches and appear to be whitish-silver in texture. The condition causes inflammation and redness around these scales. Sometimes, these patches will crack and bleed.
Psoriasis is an autoimmune condition. Autoimmune conditions are the result of the body attacking itself. In the case of psoriasis, white blood cells known as T cells mistakenly attack the skin cells. This means that psoriasis isn’t contagious i.e. it can’t spread from one person to another. It’s a result of a person’s own gene makeup.
The most common symptoms of plaque psoriasis include:
For diagnosing psoriasis, one of the following two tests may be conducted necessarily-
Topical psoriasis treatments include-
Different patients of psoriasis suffer from different intensities of the condition. Once topical treatments have been used, there are chances that a patient won’t respond well to them. As a result, he/she may need to use injected or oral medications which are usually prescribed for short periods of time. An example of such medication is-
One thing needs to be cleared that food cannot cure psoriasis, what it can do is reduce its symptoms. This includes eating healthy and taking a low glycaemic diet. In the case of a patient suffering from obesity, reducing weight can help lower down the symptoms of the disease.